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Adverbial Clauses 2. All - Func. Grammar
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*TYPES OF ADVERBIAL CLAUSES [link example]

CONNECTORS

TIME
I’ll show it to you [when you come back]; or
[When you come back], I’ll …
We could do it [whenever you like]

when, whenever, while, as, since / ever since, after, before, until/till, as soon as, then, during, the sooner, no sooner...than, hardly... when, immediately, the moment, the minute

PLACE
I am always meeting her [where I least expect her]

where, wherever

MANNER
He solved the problem [as one might have expected]

as, as if, as though

COMPARISON
He writes [as incoherently as he speaks]
Her stepmum treated her more kindly [than any real mum would have done]

as (as...as, not so...as, as much...as),
more/-er....than..., less...than

REASON OR CAUSE
He stole the money [because he was out of work]
[Since we haven't seen him], we must assume he isn't coming
[Having heard nothing from her], we assumed she wasn't coming (reversible + ,)

because, as, since, for (sometimes: if), seeing that

Alternative linkers: so, therefore

PURPOSE
She spent most of her time studying [so that she might later get a better job]
[To speed up the job], she bought a computer (it can be reversed)

so that, in order that, for fear that, in case, lest,
Non-finite purpose: to-infinitive (specific), for + -ing (general), in order to, so as to,  for +noun/pron+ to-inf

RESULT
The boy was so exhausted [that he fell asleep on the bus]
Weapon production is now increasing so much [as to constitute a major problem]

so
so+ adj/adv + that
such + (adjective+) noun + that

CONDITION**
[If I were rich], I would go on a world cruise
(It can be reversed)
We could leave now [provided we called her first]

if, unless, whether
whether...or not, as/so long as, provided that, supposing, on condition that

CONCESSION
[Although she is over eighty], she's still very active (reversed; ,)
Alternative link: in spite of the fact that

although/though, even though, even if,
while, no matter, however + adj/adv,  whatever, wherever, whenever, as + "be"

**CONDITIONAL SENTENCES can be: General (pres.+pres.), Real/Likely or Reales/Probables (pres + “will”), Hypothetical/Unlikely or Hipotéticas/ Improbables (past+”would”), or Impossible (Plusc.+”would have V-ed).

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