Updates!FAQ
How to Use TP
TP Forums
eCampus
In ClasseBooks!Your Contributions!
ProjectsCredits
email ReadMe!

Proposals - Writing
Bookmark and Share

Back to Writing Back to Writing

Printer-friendly copy worddoc (1 page)

Writing a Proposal (type: Solutions to Problems / Problem-solving), by michelle (2008, rev. 2013)

I'm using the assignment of Writing a Proposal to learn about the kind of text of proposals, how I should organize its content, the kind of language I need to use for that. This is also useful for Reports! Compare!

1. Considering the assignment, I brainstorm for ideas: what's the "problem"? What can I do? Then I select and order my ideas.

2. Considering the meaning of this text, a proposal, I brainstorm on language items I need to use:

  • A proposal is some plan for a FUTURE project: time/tenses: presents (analysis of "problem"), Hypothetical language, "would", "could", "might"... (gains from doing that).
  • Use formal language, but don't abuse passives. It's a practical text!

3. Type of text: proposals can be found in different formats: a letter, memorandum (memo) or report
*Pick the report, if nothing is mentioned. Remember to use headings (Background Information / Introduction / (Nothing)...) NB: But don't use the heading Introduction if your intro is 3 lines because of a word limit. It's obvious it's the intro.

4. Outline – Organization of content

1. Beginning: State the problem (the mission!)
2. Suggest your ideas - not many, well-explained: idea + justification/explanation.
3. Needs - ask for what you need to implement those ideas
4. Ending: wrap things up!

We can adapt it to the assignment. For instance,

1. Aim of proposal
2. Proposal idea 1 + justification, 2 + , 3 +.
3. Assessment (Informed Opinion)

5. Gathering Useful Language (for Reports and Proposals) from Reports and Proposals I find

  • As requested, I am submitting this proposal concerning...
  • This proposal intends to address the problem of... / to tackle the issue of...
  • The purpose/intention/aim of this proposal/report is to outline / present [prisént]/ discuss / suggest...
  • The report contains the relevant details concerning the problem of ...
  • It is based on a survey conducted.../ observations/extracts from the questionnaries / the feedback given by participants at...
  • To begin with...
  • Considering...
  • Judging by ... (some fact), (something, someone + (modal) + verb)...
  • Furthermore... / Moreover...
  • What we also need to consider is...
  • A good example of this would be...
  • This is due to / This can be attributed to...
  • There's another factor as well...
  • Apart from this / that...
  • This / (...) would result in the betterment/improvement of...
  • This / (...) could be used for the betterment...
  • I suggest ... as it would result in...
  • Consideration should be given to...
  • It would be advisable [adváisabl]/ desirable/ prudent/inadvisable/unadvisable/unwise/unfitting to ... on the grounds that it / owing to the fact that / due to the fact that...
  • I am opposed to the idea of...
  • It would be mutually advantageous...
  • I suggest that the problem of... can be addressed through...
  • Therefore...
  • For the satisfaction of..., the ... should be...
  • Another problem was/is that...
  • I would strongly recommend...
  • More steps also need to be taken to...
  • ... is a separate issue.
  • Moving on to ...
  • Taking everything into account ...
  • (This) would certainly prevent (people/events) from (-ing verb)
  • (This) would undoubtedly encourage (participation/people to do something...)
  • It is my belief.../ I am of the opinion that ...
  • I am convinced that ... / I am inclined to believe that ...
  • This measure would have obvious advantages / The advantages of this measure are obvious. First, ...
  • However, we should also keep in mind possible drawbacks...
  • On the other hand, disadvantages should not be underestimated.
  • A strong point in favo(u)r of ... is that ...
  • The obvious conclusion to be drawn from these facts is that...
  • I hope / believe / trust you will consider this proposal favo(u)rably / the proposal will be given due consideration